Wednesday, December 29, 2010
Given the lack of consensus on maters that matter in Pakistan, it is a forgone conclusion that these 9 months will be lost. National debate will focus on who really was behind Benazir Bhutto's murder and other issues whose resolution will not deliver shelter, food, or medicine to the millions of the flood affectees whose plight is mentioned now only in foreign newspapers. The Pakistani media has moved on to other juicy stories.
The fact that Pakistan's economy is not supported by efficient taxes is known to experts within and outside of Pakistan. Given the lack of intellect or sense in the political establishment in Pakistan, tax reform will remain a hugely debated yet never resolved issue. The expatriates sending billions back to Pakistan, the American taxpayers and the goodwill of charities based in Europe may continue supporting the near defaulted economy of Pakistan.
cr10384.pdf (application/pdf Object)
Tuesday, December 28, 2010
The World Food Program (WFP) has decided to stop its operations in Pakistan after a bomb in the tribal areas killed 45waiting in line for food disbursements at a distribution centre operated by WFP in Pakistan’s tribal areas. This is the second time WFP has been hit in Pakistan with deadly outcome.
There is no morals left in the war on terror. As the collateral damage from the American bombings sends more civilians to the morgue, their surviving clan members attack with vengeance against any one seen associating with a Western entity in Pakistan. UN, WFP, and the rest are no longer immune. This is indeed very sad for Pakistan.
Monday, December 27, 2010
The federal government in Pakistan struggles to convince the rest in the coalition on the new sales tax. The result is a government fast loosing allies who are ganging up under the umbrella of no tax.
the IMF has rightfully extended the deadline to the end of September 2011. Even if the Peoples Party government fails the sales tax test, those who will replace them will have to swallow the same bitter on the first of October 2011.
Press Release No. 10/515
December 27, 2010
The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) today approved—on a lapse-of-time basis1—a nine-month extension of Pakistan’s Stand-By Arrangement (SBA), to September 30, 2011.
The extension will provide time to the Pakistani authorities to complete the reform of the General Sales Tax, implement measures to correct the course of fiscal policy, and amend the legislative framework for the financial sector. The IMF staff is continuing its dialogue with the Pakistani authorities on the program’s fifth review.
A 23-month SBA in an amount equivalent to SDR 5.1685 billion (about US$7.61 billion) was originally approved on November 24, 2008 (see Press Release No. 08/303). On August 7, 2009 the SBA was augmented to SDR 7.2359 billion (about US$10.66 billion) and extended through December 30, 2010 (see Press Release No. 09/281). Following the completion of the fourth review in May 2010, disbursements under the arrangement reached SDR 4.936 billion.
1 The Executive Board takes decisions under its lapse of time procedure when it is agreed by the Board that a proposal can be considered without convening formal discussions.
Six months after Pakistan floods, seven million remain without shelter - The Globe and Mail
Several hours north into the flood zone of the Swat Valley, past the ruined buildings that stand like crippled giants, past the doorways that lead nowhere, men heave rocks out of the riverbed and stack them in orderly rows.
It looks impossible for a small group of thin-limbed workers to undo so much destruction with their bare hands. The biggest disaster in Pakistan's history inflicted its deadliest wrath in these northern reaches, as summer monsoons ripped down the valleys, devouring land, people and entire villages. The brown torrent killed almost 2,000 people, but that number hardly begins to encompass the months of misery that followed, those who died of malnutrition or disease as they fled the rising water.
Now, as winter blows into the mountains, an estimated seven million people remain without proper shelter. Villagers scrabble in the earth, trying to build homes that will keep them warm among the snow drifts.
It's a Herculean task, made harder by a lack of funding: donors gave only half of the initial amount requested by the United Nations and another major appeal seems likely in the coming weeks.
"If the situation remains like this, many people will die in the cold," says Khan Bahadur, 55. He stands beside his ruined house, watching young men from his village heaving boulders to remake the terraced lands that were washed away. Mr. Bahadur was among the lucky ones who received a temporary shelter, one of 49,000 such one-room structures distributed so far, but its corrugated tin walls won't do much to fend off the chill as snows become waist-deep. The bad weather is also expected to block the road that links these northern villages to the rest of the country. Jeeps fill the narrow tracks along the valley, bumper to bumper, hauling bags of flour and other supplies in a desperate race against winter.
Nobody has a firm grip on the scale of the disaster, even six months after the floods hit. The latest bulletin from the United Nations' co-ordinating body, published Dec. 23, describes a "dynamic situation" in a flood zone the size of England, with some people still waiting for waters to recede and others going home to an uncertain future.
Thousands took shelter in schools and other public buildings in the aftermath of the disaster; they now form a second wave of dislocation as they are evicted from those premises. Respiratory infections are rising, as people find themselves sleeping outdoors in the cold.
"Falling temperatures continue to compound the suffering of hundreds of thousands of families whose homes have been destroyed or badly damaged," the bulletin says.
Emergency planners had assumed they would be shifting gears by now, moving from immediate relief work to the rebuilding phase. Some parts of Pakistan are turning that corner, as the central Punjab regions and northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are taking on early recovery projects. But the flood waters lingered longer than expected on the clay plains of the southern Sindh province and many farmers have missed a full season of wheat planting.
"There are still parts of Sindh, even today, where you see water everywhere," said Benoit de Gryse, head of mission in Pakistan the aid organization Médecins Sans Frontières.
Aid experts are scrambling to find replacement crops, but it seems likely that millions of people will continue relying on handouts until the fall harvest. Instead of declining, the number of food-aid recipients is projected to grow by 500,000 this month.
"We had assumed the emergency phase would be over in December, but there's no way," said Mengesha Kebede, the Pakistan head of UN's High Commission for Refugees in Islamabad. "It just doesn't seem to end."
The crisis has stopped getting much attention in the international media, however, and even local Pakistani journalists have largely shifted their attention to other issues. Donations dried up in recent months, with little increase in the $976-million contributed in the initial aftermath. That's almost exactly 50 per cent of the UN's estimate of emergency needs and it won't begin to cover the costs of rebuilding. Some guesses have put the price tag at $10-billion, but it could easily climb higher.
The last time such a major disaster hit Pakistan, donors pledged $6-billion within a month of the 2005 earthquake and the money covered the new homes and repairs for an estimated three million people.
Such generosity now seems unlikely. Pakistan's foreign partners say their coffers were drained by recovery work in Haiti as well as the aftermath of the global recession. And Pakistan's government cannot afford new housing for so many people; Islamabad was already crippled by debts before the floods. Flood victims themselves often owe huge sums to landlords or crop buyers who gave loans against the value of future harvests; the floods ruined farms, but did not wash away the debts.
With so few resources, aid workers are focusing on the worst-affected districts and trying to build modest shelters, often just bamboo huts.
Even so, without extra funding, the UN estimates that 800,000 families whose houses were completely destroyed - not just damaged - won't get even the basic shelter offered by early recovery programs.
Those estimates are still cautious guesses because many people remain in so-called "unregistered" camps - informal settlements not recognized by the government as official locations of flood victims. Some observers say the disaster could mark a permanent shift in the country's population, away from rural areas and into the sprawling slums around major cities. The largest such influx has already started to affect Karachi, the southern metropolis, whose poor neighbourhoods lit up with violence in recent months.
But the floods also brought out the best in Pakistan's society, as private donors stepped into the gap left by the shortfall in foreign funding. Aid workers say they've seen many acts of kindness by local businessmen and charities. Some of those groups make Pakistan's international partners uncomfortable, because of their links with militancy, but more often it's a case of ordinary people muddling through a disaster without help from the outside.
The sheer scale of their task looks daunting. In Bahrain, at the north end of the Swat Valley, the floodwaters had so much strength that they carried along entire trees and, according to local lore, pushed a boulder the size of a house two kilometres downstream. Villagers now point to the huge rock in the middle of the river as a monument to the water's power.
That same thunderous force reshaped the terraced lands in the valley.
In two hours, Mohammed Aquil, 72, lost his house and the patch of land where his ancestors had lived for generations. Nothing remained except a broad stretch of river bed, strewn with boulders. It didn't scare him away, however; he returned and his relatives heaped rocks from the river onto the bank, building themselves a new plot of land.
"We were ruined, we would have died if the NGOs didn't help us," he said, with a nod to an Oxfam worker standing nearby. "The village disappeared. The mosque disappeared. All our belongings disappeared.
But God has saved our children, and our lives, and we will build this place again."
Saturday, December 25, 2010
The Wikileaks reveal the location of trouble spots in Afghanistan. Compiled from the app. 72,000 cables is the breakdown of violence by region in Afghanistan. It turns out that Afghanistan’s South and East continue to be violent places where the number of militants (enemy) and civilians either killed in action (KIA) or wounded in action (WIA) are much larger than the rest. Again, these are the parts of Afghanistan inhabited by the Pushtuns, who constitute the overwhelming majority of the Taliban resistance in Afghanistan.
Drew Conway, a doctoral student in New York, uses statistical analysis to make sense of armed conflicts. Pasted below is his graphic that he developed from analyzing Wikileaks data about Afghanistan in July 2010. He used R software to generate the graphic.
Friday, December 24, 2010
Watch how journalists at Guardian used the data to paint a hitherto hidden picture of the Afghan war.
Thursday, December 23, 2010
The rule of law has to prevail in Pakistan. This certainly includes the rights of all, including those who were simply bystanders in Pakistan's tribal areas and have been made victims by both the militants and the American/Pakistani war machine.
Pakistani drone victim seeks to put US on trial | Latest news, Breaking news, Pakistan News, World news, business, sport and multimedia | DAWN.COM
Tuesday, December 21, 2010
The more militarily America is involved globally, the more it loses in security and goodwill. Here is an interseting piece from Foreign Affairs that argues:
It is time to ask a fundamental question that few government officials or politicians in the United States seem willing to ask: Has it been a terrible error for the United States to have built an all-but-irreversible worldwide system of more than 1,000 military bases, stations, and outposts? This system was created to enhance U.S. national security, but what if it has actually done the opposite, provoking conflict and creating the very insecurity it was intended to prevent?
The most compelling arguments for opposing this system of global bases are political and practical. U.S. military bases have generated apprehension and hostility and fear of the United States, and they have facilitated futile, unnecessary, unprofitable, and self-defeating wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and now seem to be inviting enlarged U.S. interventions in Pakistan, Yemen, and the Horn of Africa. The 9/11 attacks, according to Osama bin Laden himself, were provoked by the "blasphemy" of the existence of U.S. military bases in the sacred territories of Saudi Arabia. The global base system, it seems, tends to produce and intensify the very insecurity that is cited to justify it.
The United States' present global military deployment does not seem to be the product of conscious design, nor was it assembled absent-mindedly. In part, it is the natural result of bureaucracy left unchecked. At the end of World War II, a precipitous dismantling of the U.S. wartime deployment was halted only by the outbreak of the Cold War. The United States' intervention in Vietnam brought some base expansion in Southeast Asia, but after its failure in Vietnam, the U.S. military was determined to have nothing further to do with insurgencies and quickly returned to reorganization and retraining for what it still considered its primary mission: classical warfare in Europe in the event of a Soviet invasion. This eventually led to the brilliant blitzkrieg against Iraq in the first Gulf War, fought under the Powell Doctrine of popular support, overwhelming force, focused objectives, and rapid withdrawal.
---by William Pfaff
WILLIAM PFAFF wrote a syndicated column that appeared in the International Herald Tribune from 1978 to 2006 and contributed political "Reflections" to the The New Yorker from 1971 to 1992. His latest book, The Irony of Manifest Destiny: The Tragedy of America's Foreign Policy, was published in June.
Monday, December 20, 2010
If Pakistani nationhood is defined by Islam, how can non-Muslims be true Pakistanis; how can non-Jews be true Israelis if Judaism is considered the essence of Israeli citizenship? The status and rights granted to minorities is hence always a cornerstone, and a benchmark, of the democratic nature of a state...
Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan - ANALYSIS: Israel and Pakistan: parallel destinies at opposing ends —Sikander Amani
Friday, December 17, 2010
The American drones have struck numerous targets in Khyber Agency in Pakistan’s tribal areas killing 60 individuals. The reports are claiming all dead were militants. That may very well be true. However, like so many times in the past, one has to wait for the dust to settle to see if civilians were also caught in the fog of war, which has no way of finishing in a victory for either party.
The Obama administration has increased bombings from unmanned aircrafts in Pakistan, violating its sovereignty. The Wikileaks recently revealed that Pakistani military and the civilian government is very much in line with the American plans to bomb targets in tribal areas. Pakistani people on the other hand are not very sure about foreign military striking targets within Pakistan.
The graphic below from BBC reveals an increase in bombings by American planes within Pakistan during fall 2010. The militants as well as the American drones are busy attacking each other resulting in the deaths of Pakistani civilians. Notice the map where those killed in US bombings are in a different part of the tribal areas than those who are killed by the militants.
The graph on the left suggests a slow-down in attacks by the militants and the American pilot-less planes in July and August, owing to the deadly floods that inundated almost 15% of the land area in Pakistan.
I am wondering what would have been the shape and format of war had President Obama not been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
The number of attacks are presented below:
Thursday, December 16, 2010
Tuesday, December 14, 2010
As the wages and working conditions will improve in Bangladesh, it is very likely that importers in the west will abandon Bangladesh for the next cheap place to have shirt-less workers stitch clothes for consumers in the west.
BBC News - Bangladesh clothes workers die in factory fire
Friday, December 10, 2010
Lesley Hazleton identifies herself as an agnostic Jew. Her understanding of the Quran appears superior to me than most Muslim clerics I have interacted with in the past three decades.
Watch the video below, you won't regret it.
Top rabbis move to forbid renting homes to Arabs, say 'racism originated in the Torah' - Haaretz Daily Newspaper | Israel News
A number of leading rabbis who signed on to a religious ruling to forbid renting homes to gentiles – a move particularly aimed against Arabs – defended their decision on Tuesday with the declaration that the land of Israel belongs to the Jews.
So here is the schism that has plagued Islam over the past 1400-plus years. Those who sided with the Prophet's family, the Shiites, have always been in minority and have been attacked by those who sided with, and continue to support, Omayyads and their present-day decedents, the Wahabis based in Saudi Arabia.
The past week has witnessed an increase in suicide bombings in Pakistan where the Saudi-backed Sunni extremists have killed almost a 100 Sunni moderates and Shiites in suicide bombings.
Given that this conflict between the Shiites and the Sunnis continues to generate victims 1400 years hence, I have not much confidence in the Muslim ethos to resolve conflicts effectively. How many more centuries before this killing of Muslims at the hands of other Muslims would cease?
BBC News - Suicide car bomber rams hospital in Hangu, Pakistan
A suicide bomber has rammed an explosives-laden vehicle into a hospital, killing 11 people in north-west Pakistan, say police.
Another 16 people were injured by the blast at the Shia Muslim-run facility in Hangu district, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, according to police.
The explosion follows the start of the Islamic holy month of Muharram, which is especially important for Shias.
Meanwhile, a US drone plane killed four people in the neighbouring tribal belt.
Investigators suspect Friday's suicide bombing on the outskirts of Hangu was a sectarian attack. Sunni militant groups often target Shias during Muharram.
"A car rammed into the hospital while people were praying in a hall and we have reports of at least 11 killed," the news agency Reuters quoted Hangu police chief Abdul Rashid as saying.
A tractor and trailer carrying 250kg (550lb) of explosives were used for the attack, Hangu police spokesman Fazal Naeem told news agency AFP.
It was the fourth major suicide attack this week in Pakistan.
On Monday, two bombers killed more than 40 people as they attacked anti-Taliban militia talks in Mohmand, in the north-western tribal belt.
On Tuesday, a suicide attacker failed in an attempt to assassinate the chief minister of Pakistan's south-western province of Balochistan.
On Wednesday, a bomber blew himself up near a minibus in the town of Kohat, not far from Hangu, killing at least 16 people.
Friday's air strike on a vehicle and house in Khadar Khel, North Waziristan, killed four militants, according to Pakistani officials.
The report is difficult to verify because the region, which lies on the Afghan border, is one of the most dangerous in the world.
It would be the second drone strike in the region this week. The frequency of such attacks has increased under the administration of US President Barack Obama.
- Suicide bomber kills 15 on bus (independent.co.uk)
Thursday, December 9, 2010
India's ambassador to US has been pulled from an airport security line and frisked by a security agent in Mississippi, it has emerged.
The hands-on search took place last week even after Meera Shankar's diplomatic status was revealed.
Some reports said Ms Shankar, who was on her way from a conference, was singled out because she was wearing a sari.
The Indian embassy in Washington has strongly protested about the incident.
The search took place on 4 December at the Jackson-Evers International Airport, news agency Press Trust of India quoted an Indian Embassy official as saying.
Ms Shankar was about to board a flight to Baltimore after attending an event at Mississippi State University.
She was taken to a VIP waiting room despite staff being told that she was an ambassador, he said.
She was later pulled from a security line and patted down by a female Transportation Security Administration agent.
"This is unacceptable to India and we are going to take it up with the US government and I hope things could be resolved so that such unpleasant incidents do not recur," External Affairs Minister SM Krishna told reporters in Delhi.'Stupid incident'
The incident has also embarrassed the university officials who had invited Ms Shankar to give a speech.
"It was a wonderful programme, maybe the best we've had, (but) this stupid incident ruined the whole thing," Associated Press quoted Janos Radvanyi, chair of the university's international studies department as saying.
"She said, 'I will never come back here'. We are sending her a letter of apology," he said.
Last year, America's Continental Airlines apologised to former Indian president APJ Abdul Kalam for frisking him before he boarded a flight to the US.
Members of India's parliament were outraged after it emerged that Mr Kalam had been frisked and made to remove his shoes at Delhi airport in April.
Protocol exempts former presidents and other dignitaries from such searches.
BBC News - India's ambassador Meera Shankar frisked at US airport
Monday, December 6, 2010
Canadians donate $46.8 million for flood relief
ISLAMABAD: Canada on Tuesday announced matching an equivalent amount to the $46.8 million collected by its individual citizens for the flood victims in Pakistan and donating it to the Pakistan Flood Relief Fund (PFRF).
Canadian Minister of International Cooperation Beverley J Oda said in Ottawa that Canada will continue to support the Pakistani people with emergency aid and early recovery efforts. “Canadians have demonstrated their compassion and generosity, and the government is proud to partner with them to help the flood victims in Pakistan,” Oda said. The Canadian government had announced it would recognise the donations made by individual Canadians to eligible Canadian registered charities up to October 3. Registered charities had until October 18 to declare the amount of eligible donations they collected for Pakistan relief.
“Through the PFRF, Canada will assist those who are able to return to their homes as well as those who remain in camps,” Oda said. The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) has already disbursed $19 million from the PFRF to support logistics and transport capacity of the overall humanitarian response.
It was also used to deploy relief items from the CIDA stockpile - tents, jerry cans, tarps, hygiene kits, cook sets, and mosquito nets, aqua tabs for water purification, and Canadian humanitarian experts to the affected zones. app
Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan - Canadians donate $46.8 million for flood relief
PESHAWAR: A suicide bomber struck a mosque frequented by anti-Taliban tribal elders in northwestern Pakistan during afternoon prayers Friday, killing at least 67 people in one of the deadliest attacks this year.
Later in the day, three grenade blasts killed three people at a mosque in another northwest area where an anti-Taliban militia was active.
The blasts were the latest to hit religious gatherings and underscored the relentless security challenge in the US-allied nation, where Islamist militants have managed to strike at the state and citizens who work against them despite pressure from army offensives.
In the first attack, the Sunni mosque’s roof collapsed as hundreds of worshippers were gathered inside for the most popular prayer session of the week, and many victims were trapped in the debris.
People in private vehicles rushed the wounded to hospitals in Peshawar, the main city in the northwest, TV footage showed. A woman was beating her head, while two elderly men in blood-soaked clothes rested in a hospital corridor.
The explosion occurred in Darra Adam Khel, an area famous for its illegal weapons bazaars and located near Pakistan’s tribal regions where Taliban-led militants have been active.
“The blast tossed me up, then I fell down,” Mohammad Usman, 32, a schoolteacher with wounds on his head and arms said from his hospital bed in Peshawar. “Later, it was just like a graveyard.”
Local government official Shahid Ullah said the mosque may have been targeted because local tribesmen running an anti-Taliban militia have often met there, though not on this particular Friday. The Pakistani government has encouraged tribal leaders to set up militias to fight the insurgents, and the Taliban have frequently targeted those opponents.
GEO News TV reported that the Pakistani Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack, but the group’s spokesmen did not immediately respond to calls from The Associated Press seeking comment.
Another local government official, Saeed Khan, put the death toll at 67 and said 100 others were wounded. That made the attack the deadliest since a pair of suicide bombers killed 102 people and wounded 168 in the Mohmand tribal region in July.
On Friday night, three hand grenades exploded during evening prayers at a Sunni mosque in the Badhber area on the outskirts of Peshawar. Along with three dead, the blast wounded 24 others, said police official Ejaz Khan.
Mian Iftikhar Hussain, the northwest province’s information minister, said an anti-Taliban citizens’ militia had been pushing insurgents out of the area and that the attack may have been a reaction to that. Pakistani TV channels showed bloodied victims being rushed to the hospital.
Several shrines and mosques belonging to rival sects hated by the Taliban have been targeted in Pakistan this year. At least three such attacks occurred in October alone.
Hussain called the militants “beasts” that are lashing out at Pakistan’s crackdown against them.
“This is part of international terrorism. America, Pakistan and Afghanistan are the main players, who need to work closely and more aggressively to root out this menace,” said Hussain, whose only son was killed by militants earlier this year.
Pakistan is in the midst of multiple offensives against Taliban and linked militants in its northwest, including the tribal areas that border Afghanistan.
The US has praised the offensives, in hopes they will break the backs of at least some of the groups involved in attacks on American and Nato troops in neighboring Afghanistan.
However, Pakistan has yet to mount an operation in North Waziristan, the tribal region where the most dangerous groups working against the US in Afghanistan have bases.
The US needs Pakistan’s support for the war in Afghanistan in part because it uses its roads to transport supplies to troops across the border. Those supply trucks, however, have become targets of suspected militants and criminal groups.
Two blasts targeting Nato supply trucks damaged 11 of the vehicles at the Torkham border crossing in the Khyber tribal region on Friday, government official Tahir Khan said.
The explosions struck an area where the trucks were waiting for their turn to go through to Afghanistan. Authorities were still investigating the nature of the blasts, Khan said.
In Pakistan’s southwest, two men on a motorcycle opened fire at a Nato supply truck in Sohrab town, killing its driver and wounding two others, police official Mohammad Younus said.
The truck was on its way back to Karachi after off loading Nato supplies in Afghanistan. — AP
Bomb, grenades hit two mosques in Pakistan; 70 dead | Pakistan | DAWN.COM
Thursday, December 2, 2010
Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan - Saudi Arabia wants military government in Pakistan
Saudi Arabia wants military government in Pakistan
LAHORE: America is often portrayed as the big dog in Pakistan’s yard: a swaggering power that makes rules, barks orders and throws its weight around. But the WikiLeaks cables highlight the understated yet insistent influence of another country with ideas about Pakistan’s future: Saudi Arabia. According to a Guardian report, in recent years, Saudi rulers have played favourites with Pakistani politicians, wielded their massive financial clout to political effect and even advocated a return to military rule. “We in Saudi Arabia are not observers in Pakistan, we are participants,” the Saudi ambassador to the US, Adel al Jubeir, boasted in 2007. A senior US official later bemoaned as “negative” the Saudi influence. Saudi Arabia has longstanding ties with Pakistan. In the 1980s Saudi intelligence, along with the CIA, funded the anti-Soviet “jihad” in Afghanistan. Since then the Saudis have given billions in financial aid and cut-price oil. In January 2009, Abdullah told James Jones, then the US national security adviser, that Pakistan Army was “staying out of Pakistani politics in deference to US wishes, rather than doing what it ‘should’”. Abdullah’s preference for military rule was recorded by the Saudis’ American guests, “They appear to be looking for ‘another Musharraf’ – a strong, forceful leader they know they can trust.” His views were echoed by the interior minister, who said Saudi Arabia viewed the army as its “winning horse” in Pakistan. Meanwhile, US diplomats see the Saudis as allies but also competitors for influence in Pakistan. In 2009, special envoy Richard Holbrooke warned Prince Mohammed Bin Nayef of “unimaginable” consequences for Saudi Arabia if Pakistan fell apart, especially if its nuclear weapons fell into unfriendly hands. But in Islamabad, American diplomats have sought to diminish Saudi influence by allying with another Muslim country, Turkey. After a meeting with the Turkish ambassador in May 2009, ambassador Anne Patterson noted that moderate, progressive Turkey presented a “positive role model” for Pakistan. daily times monitor
Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan - Saudi Arabia wants military government in Pakistan
(1 minute ago) Today
ISLAMABAD: The US military has ended its relief mission helping victims of this summer’s floods in Pakistan.
American choppers flew in from Afghanistan once the scale of the disaster became apparent in early August.
They have flown hundreds of missions in the northwest and in Punjab, dropping off food and relief supplies and rescuing stranded people.
Pakistani and American officials Thursday staged a ceremony at an aviation base to mark the end of the mission.
At their peak, the floods affected 20 million people across the country.
The American mission was an opportunity for Washington to show that it cared for ordinary Pakistanis.
US officials have expressed hope it may have reduced —if only a little —widespread anti-US sentiment in the militancy-wracked country.
US military ends Pakistan flood relief | World | DAWN.COM
ISLAMABAD: Mismanagement and misuse of cash are hampering relief efforts for Pakistan’s flood victims with nearly 60 million dollars in a prime minister’s fund still unspent, officials say.
Catastrophic monsoon rains that swept north to south in July and August affected 21 million people, consumed entire villages, wiped out agricultural land and destroyed industries in the country’s worst ever natural disaster.
Foreign donors have stumped up just half of a UN appeal target of 1.93 billion dollars, sparking fears for 6.8 million who need emergency shelter as winter sets in, while farmland could remain flooded for another six months.
But officials say efforts to rebuild 1.6 million homes are being compromised by infighting between federal and provincial authorities, and express amazement that a 58.5 million dollar prime minister’s fund remains entirely unspent.
Shabbir Anwar, a spokesman for Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, said plans for the money were still being finalised as part of a national recovery plan.
“The government has prepared a national strategy for rehabilitation and reconstruction. The details are being finalised by the financial division,” he told AFP.
But a top Pakistani official said “malaise” at the heart of government was to blame for inaction, as thousands of families remain camped out on roadsides in makeshift tents.
“Once a decision is taken at the highest level it must be done — but it doesn’t get done,” he told AFP on condition of anonymity.
Huge swaths of Sindh province in the south remain underwater. From the air all that can be seen in the worst-affected parts of Dadu province are the tips of trees jutting above inland lakes.
Just outside Gul Mohammad Chandio village, families languish under tents overlooking fields submerged in water, clamouring for the relief that they say has failed to arrive in the months since the disaster.
Villagers returning from relief camps by donkey found homes still flooded or destroyed. A chair balanced on a rubber ring was the only way to ferry people across a flooded street.
“We’re very worried about our income because our land is under water. Nobody has helped us,” said 45-year-old Mohammad Khan, who returned to his home with seven children to find a pile of rubble.
“Please rebuild our homes. We’re worried, we don’t have anything.”
UN officials have complained about a lack of international financial support for Pakistan, blaming that partly on the government’s poor reputation for mismanagement and corruption.
The World Bank has put the overall figure for flood recovery at 9.7 billion dollars.
But despite crippling debts, the federal government insists on doling out the money itself to rebuild schools and hospitals, and has asked donors to contribute only to a cash fund, rather than offer infrastructure assistance.
Under a cash compensation scheme, 1.6 million of the worst-off families should each receive more than 85,450 rupees to rebuild their homes using an electronic card system.
The United States has been quick to endorse the fund, with US envoy Richard Holbrooke telling a development conference in Islamabad that its aid could be fast-tracked into the scheme.
But the World Bank has refused to back the scheme until the fund is made more transparent and accountable, and there have been widespread reports of problems with the cash card system, said Oxfam media officer Amil Khan.
“We have reports of people not knowing how to use the cash cards, machines not having any cash, not having any power. There have been issues of access…it’s a significant issue,” said Khan.
Head of the National Disaster Management Authority that coordinates flood relief, General Nadeem Ahmed, said he has “strong reservations” over the plan because there is no system in place to oversee the home rebuilding.
Of the 1.6 million homes earmarked for construction, he said 400,000 needed to be built elsewhere to avoid flood plains and fault lines in the earthquake-prone country.
“People are making houses and schools in the river beds,” said Ahmed.
“We want to make sure that whatever reconstruction we do must make use of the opportunity to build back better.”
USAID officials met Pakistan’s National Accountability Board last week to discuss allegations of misuse of American money by aid organisations, a Pakistani official said on condition of anonymity.
Pakistan’s flood aid ‘unspent and mismanaged’ | Pakistan | DAWN.COM
Wednesday, December 1, 2010
Growing up in Peshawar, I viewed the ANP project itself as the credible left-leaning party of some integrity who was opposed to any intervention by the Americans or others in the domestic affairs of Pakistan. The transcripts below present a very different picture of the same party, which draws its lineage from Sarhadi Gandhi, Khan Abdul Wali Khan. Here we see the leader of the party (Asfandayar Wali Khan) spilling his guts to the American ambassador, while reminding her that he was offered the office of the prime minister by president Zardari, which he (Khan) refused to accept.
Later, in other documents we see the chief of army staff of Pakistan's armed forces advising the American ambassador Patterson that he considered replacing Zardari with Khan, the head of supposedly pro democracy, left leaning Awami National Party.
President Zardari epitomizes the culture of corruption and incompetence that prevails in Pakistan. There will perhaps be no teary eyes if he were to be removed from the Presidency. However, in a country where due process is never followed, I'd opose any non-democratic means to remove the incompetent and politically inept President Zardari. Let the democratic process take its due course in Pakistan and not make a political martyr out of Zardari, whose otherwise political legacy is destined for the dustbin of history.
For me, there was some hope of semblance of integrity left in the political system of Pakistan where one could look up to Asfandyar Wali Khan and a handful of others for dignified leadership. If WikiLeaks documents are genuine, I am up for a major disappointment.
Thursday, 12 March 2009, 04:28
S E C R E T SECTION 01 OF 04 ISLAMABAD 000516
EO 12958 DECL: 08/04/2018
TAGS PREL, PTER, PGOV, PK
SUBJECT: LITTLE MOVEMENT ON RECONCILIATION
REF: A. ISLAMABAD 506 B. ISLAMABAD 508
Classified By: Anne W. Patterson, for reasons 1.4 (b)(d)
1. As street protests threaten to topple the Pakistani government, the US ambassador discusses ways to end the crisis with leaders. In one meeting the head of the Pakistani army, General Ashfaq Kayani, tells her that he may be forced to "persuade" President Asif Ali Zardari to resign. The ambassador says the comments are not an indicator of an imminent army coup. Key passage highlighted in yellow.
2. Read related article
1. (C) Summary. In a last-ditch effort to reduce tensions with the Sharif brothers ahead of the start of the lawyers' march on March 12, President Zardari offered Pakistan Muslim League (PML) leader Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain the post of Senate leader if PML would form a government with the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) in Punjab but will do little to pacify Nawaz Sharif or the lawyers. Shujaat is considering the deal, which will be sealed by the March 12 vote in the Senate; it could end governor's rule in Punjab--if Shujaat can keep the PML forward block in line. Other compromise efforts have failed, although the UK High Commission is probing for the various parties' positions in advance of a possible HMG mediation effort. After seeing Interior Minister Malik and Awami National Party leader Asfundyar Wali Khan, Ambassador will see Shujaat March 11 and the Sharifs on March 12.
2. (C) Amid reports of possible targeted killings and Mumbai style attacks during the march, the GOP began arresting Pakistan Muslim League-N (PML-N) and Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) members and some civil activists. Interior Minister Malik assured Ambassador he had no plans to arrest the Sharifs or key civil society leaders like Aitzaz Ahsan, but caveated this by saying he might have to arrest Imran Khan or others "who did not obey the law." Lawyers and JI activists already have begun infiltrating Islamabad; if a significant number of demonstrators cannot enter the capital, we expect protests in multiple areas, especially in Punjab, beginning March 12. Accordingly, we are issuing a Warden Notice March 11.
3. (C) During Ambassador's fourth meeting in a week with Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Kayani on March 10, he again hinted that he might, however reluctantly, have to persuade President Zardari to resign if the situation sharply deteriorates. He mentioned Asfundyar Wali Khan as a possible replacement. This would not be a formal coup but would leave in place the PPP government led by PM Gilani, thus avoiding elections that likely would bring Nawaz Sharif to power. We do not believe Army action is imminent. We do believe Kayani was laying down a clear marker so that, if he has to act, he can say he warned the U.S. in advance and gave us ample opportunities to pressure both sides to back down. Kayani is trying to leverage what he considers predominate U.S. influence over Zardari, instead of seeking a direct confrontation that could provoke an unhelpful civil-military clash.
4. (C) Two weeks ago, Zardari was staring at victory on all fronts; today, he recognizes he must compromise with the Sharifs and might well be looking over his shoulder at the Army. Even if the lawyers' march fizzles--and it may--Nawaz retains the high moral ground in public opinion and can continue attacking a now weakened Zardari. We should encourage Zardari to continue efforts to ease tensions and ask the Saudis and the UAE to weigh in with their respective allies. This could be a protracted process. End Summary.
5. (C) There are three political scenarios in play as tensions between President Zardari and the Sharif brothers rise ahead of the start of the lawyers' march on March 12: mediation/accommodation, which resolves the Sharifs' disqualification from holding public office, ends governor's rule in Punjab and addresses the judicial issue; confrontation, which leads to violence and possible Army intervention; and a fizzled march that sets the stage for continued conflict.
6. (C) On March 11, Awami National Party (ANP) leader Asfundyar Wali Khan described to Ambassador and Polcouns his
ISLAMABAD 00000516 002 OF 004
mediation efforts with Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam leader Fazlur Rehman over the past week. Zardari, he asserted, agreed to request a review of the Supreme Court decision disqualifying the Sharifs, said that after a positive outcome to that review Shahbaz Sharif would be reinstated as Chief Minister Punjab, and agreed to a conference to discuss restoring the judiciary. In return, Nawaz should delay the lawyers' march.
7. (C) Nawaz reportedly agreed but then changed his mind and demanded reversal of the court decision, an end to governor's rule in Punjab and reinstatement of the former Chief Justice. Under pressure, Nawaz relented and agreed to the judicial conference idea but offered only to ask the lawyers to consider postponing the march, and said all this had to be accomplished in a day. Asfundyar noted that it was impossible to demand a immediate review of a Court decision that had not been formally issued. He told Nawaz that he would win the next election and should just be patient; by pressing now, he threatened a political vacuum that would be filled by the Army. This time, warned Asfundyar, Nawaz might not be sent into a comfortable exile. Nawaz refused to budge.
8. (C) Asfundyar said that Zardari was surrounded by advisors who were not politicians, so he was not being encouraged to compromise; Nawaz's chief advisor was Chaudhry Nisar who, with the Sharif brothers disqualified, stood the best chance of being the next PML-N Prime Minister. Nawaz had provoked the Court by launching a campaign over the doctored exam scores of the Chief Justice's daughter, and this had prompted the ruling against Shahbaz. Asfundyar attributed the crisis 70 percent to Nawaz and 30 percent to Zardari. In Asfundyar's view, there was an absence of trust on both sides, and what was needed was a cease-fire in which to conduct reasonable negotiations. If the march fizzled, there could be time to work out a compromise; if the march sparked violence, there was "nothing to do but pray."
9. (C) Asfundyar welcomed the idea of UK mediation but said it was the U.S. view that counted most. He also urged that we contact the UAE to pressure Zardari and the Saudis to pressure Nawaz to back off. ANP had seen PML-N members distributing cash envelopes to a stream of supporters this week; like Zardari, Asfundyar said he believed the money was coming from the Saudis. Asfundyar was open to continue mediating if asked. He reminded Ambassador that Zardari had offered him the job of Prime Minister immediately after the February 2008 elections.
10. (C) In a separate meeting with Ambassador and Polcouns, UK High Commissioner Brinkley said he had received approval to approach the various sides, discern their bottom lines, and report back to London. HMG had not yet decided whether to take on any role of mediator or guarantor. The UK planned to make a public statement today urging the parties to resolve their differences democratically and eschew violence. Brinkley was scheduled to see PM Gilani and possibly Zardari and Shahbaz Sharif on March 11, and Chief of Army Staff General Kayani and Asfundyar Wali Khan on March 12.
11. (C) Late on March 11, the PML confirmed press reports that the PPP had reversed course (Ref B) and now had offered Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain the post of leader of the Senate if PML agreed to join PPP in a coalition government in Punjab. Shujaat will meet PM Gilani later March 11; on March 12, the newly constituted Senate would vote on a party leader. If the deal goes through, it would end governor's rule in Punjab but it is unclear if a PPP-led government will reduce tensions. It remains unclear, however, if Shujaat can hold on to his 28-35 member "forward block" of Nawaz supporters to seal this deal. Without the PML forward block, the PPP cannot form a government.
12. (C) In a March 11 meeting with Ambassador and Polcouns, Interior Minister Malik described his efforts to mediate with the lawyers to convince them to hold a peaceful march outside of Islamabad, but he said the lawyers so far have spurned the GOP's proposals. Malik plans to block roads into Islamabad
ISLAMABAD 00000516 003 OF 004
beginning March 13. Ambassador warned that efforts to arrest the Sharifs or high-profile activists like Aitzaz Ahsan would not be well received in Washington or elsewhere. Malik denied he had any intention of arresting the Sharifs or Aitzaz but qualified this by saying "unless they do not stop, but I will tell you first. I have to maintain law and order." He said he might have to arrest Imran Khan and some JI activists. (Note: On March 10, Punjab police began arresting 200-250 JI student activists and low-level PML-N workers. Mission contacts report many activists already are going underground. Neither the Sharifs nor Aitzaz Ahsan have been arrested. Geo TV News, which the GOP has criticized for being anti-government, disappeared from cable TV. See septel for updates.)
13. (C) Malik said he had received serious threat information regarding a Mumbai style attack in Karachi on March 13-14 by the Jandallah group that previously had attacked the U.S. Consulate. There were also reports of a proposed targeted killing, against whom was unclear. JI leaders were giving their students "black coats" so they could look like lawyers and already were infiltrating Islamabad. Malik expected crowds of at least 4,000-5,000 in the capital, even with road closures.
14. (S) In four conversations with Ambassador this week, Chief of Army Staff (COAS) General Kayani hinted that, however reluctantly, he might have to urge Zardari to resign, if conditions deteriorate. He did not offer any red lines. Kayani indicated that Asfundyar Wali Khan or someone else broadly acceptable might be an appropriate replacement for Zardari. We do not believe Army action is imminent, but we do believe Kayani was laying down a marker that, if he had to intervene, the U.S. had been forewarned and given many opportunities to avoid intervention by pressuring both Nawaz and Zardari. Kayani made it clear that regardless of how much he disliked Zardari, he distrusted Nawaz even more. The scenario Kayani hinted at was one in which he would pressure Zardari to resign (and presumably leave the country). This would not be an official Army "coup;" it would leave the PPP government led by Prime Minister Gilani in place and preclude the need for elections that likely would bring Nawaz to power.
15. (S) Kayani hinted at disquiet among his corps commanders who believe Zardari is corrupt and has not been paying enough attention to Pakistan's economic and security challenges. ISI DG Pasha highlighted to Ambassador his concerns about Zardari's alleged corruption on the flight to the U.S. for the strategic review, and we have multiple sources demonstrating Army complaints about Zardari. Kayani believes the U.S. has the most influence over Zardari, and he knows we are Pakistan's most important ally, especially for increasing the capacity of the Pakistani Army. Kayani told Ambassador he has talked directly to Zardari, but he does not appear to have conveyed the seriousness of Army concerns about Zardari or the security situation vis a vis the march. (Note: Kayani may be seeking to avoid a confrontation that would prompt Zardari to make a disastrous decision to try and oust the COAS.)
16. (C) At this point, everything appears to rest on the outcome of the lawyers' march. PML-N does not have a proven reputation for putting demonstrators on the streets, although JI does. By applying the road closure/detention tactics that worked for Musharraf in 2007 to stop pro-Nawaz demonstrations, the government might be able to avoid a serious clash this time. But if a policeman fires into the crowd or a terrorist attacks protesters, all bets are off.
17. (C) There is also the likelihood that the march will not occur as scheduled. Blocked from Islamabad, there could be multiple flash points in the Punjab, early demonstrations in Islamabad, and a series of confrontations with the police. This could be a protracted clash of wills.
18. (C) Comment: Two weeks ago, Zardari was staring victory in the face after negotiating a PPP win in Senate elections, setting Nawaz up for an entirely legal
ISLAMABAD 00000516 004 OF 004
disqualification, and looking toward successful Friends and Donors meetings that would provide the financial support needed to bolster his sagging popularity. By over-reaching to make a grab for Punjab without doing his homework on vote counting in Punjab, Zardari now needs to compromise with the Sharifs and might well be looking over his shoulder at the Army. Even if the march fizzles, Nawaz retains the high moral ground in the public's eyes and will use it to continue attacking a weakened Zardari. Zardari needs to win back the military's confidence.
US embassy cables: Pakistani army chief hints at unseating Zardari | World news | guardian.co.uk
29. (U) General Ashfaq Kayani was born in Punjab in 1952, grew up in a working-class family and is the son of a former junior officer. He was commissioned in the Pakistan Army after graduating from the Pakistan Military Academy in 1971. His long career has included command at every level from Company to Corps. He has served in key staff positions, to include Military Assistant to the Prime Minister under Benazir Bhutto from 1988-1990, Director General of Military Operations (DGMO), 2000-2003, Director General, Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) from 2004-2007, and Vice Chief of Army Staff in 2007. In November 2007, he became Chief of Army Staff (COAS). He is the only officer ever to have served as both DG-ISI and COAS. His term as DGMO coincided with the intense military standoff with India of 2001-2002.
30. (C) C) In interactions with post, Kayani is often direct, frank, and thoughtful. He has fond memories of his IMET training at Fort Leavenworth and values his personal relationships, particularly with U.S. military leaders. Kayani is married and the father of two children, a son and a
ISLAMABAD 00000365 006 OF 006
daughter. An avid golfer, he is President of the Pakistan Golf Association. He smokes heavily and can be difficult to understand as he tends to mumble.
US embassy cables: Scenesetter for Washington visit of Pakistan military boss | World news | guardian.co.uk